Breast cancer screening has been a hotly debated topic in recent years, especially mammogram screening. The controversy is based on the fact that breast cancer screening is not a precise science, similar to several other types of screening for various cancers. The issue is complex, and guidelines published in recent years have changed to recommend fewer mammograms and beginning at a later age. Officials creating these breast cancer guidelines point to concerns for women who are misdiagnosed as possibly having cancer, or they are over diagnosed for a small group of precancerous cells. As a result, they often undergo unnecessary stress and medical intervention. A woman who has an breast cancer abnormal screening test will undoubtedly experience fear and stress as she continues the process of finding out whether it is Cancer.
However, women may be able to deal better with breast cancer screening results if it were widely known that misdiagnosis happens frequently. Of women who receive mammograms annually, half will experience a false positive result at least once in ten years.”
Precautions And Its Consequences
Cost is also a factor. Several organizations and physicians, nonetheless, indicate that mammograms lead to early detection and have contributed to the current 90 percent survival rate. Early detection increases the chance that
the cancer can be treated with a lumpectomy instead of more invasive and disfiguring surgery , The American Cancer Society (ACS) recommended yearly mammograms beginning at age 40, and clinical breast exams by a physician every three years for women between ages 20 and 40 and every year for women older than age 40. The organization revised its breast cancer guidelines in 2015 to recommend yearly mammograms beginning at age 45, and mammograms every other year beginning at age 55. Women should be aware of any change in their breasts and report them to a physician.
Risk And Recommendations
Personal risk factors should be considered when determining when to start mammograms, whether to request breast cancer exams from a physician during checkup visits, and how often each should be done. Women with low to moderate risk should consider practicing monthly BSE and having their breasts examined by a doctor as a part of a cancer-related checkup. They should also receive periodic mammograms. Women at high risk should practice monthly BSE and have their breasts examined regularly by a doctor. See your doctor for the recommended examinations (including mammograms and physical exam of breasts).