Muscular elasticity differs from one individual to the next and I, primarily influenced by genetic factors. The propensity toward higher or lower levels of flexibility is often an inherited trait. Despite genetic variables, greater range of motion can be at- trained in individual muscle groups through plastic and elastic elongation. Even though combined capsules, muscles, and tendons are essentially non elastic they can undertake plastic elongation. This permanent lengthening, accompanied by increased range of motion, is best attained through proper stretching and muscle and strength workouts. Muscle tissue has elastic properties and responds to stretching exercises by undergoing elastic or temporary lengthening. Elastic elongation increases extensibility, the ability to stretch the muscle and strength workouts.
Variations in muscle temperature can also increase or decrease litheness. Individuals who warm up properly have better flexibility than people who do not. Cool temperatures have the opposite effect, impeding range of motion. Because of the special effects of temperature on muscular flexibility, many people wish to do their stretching muscle and strength workouts after the aerobic phase of their workout. Aerobic activities raise body temperature, facilitating elastic elongation.
Children generally maintain a high level of flexibility until adolescence, when accelerated growth in the bones often by-Passes changes in soft tissue, causing a temporary decrease in flexibly growth in muscle mass then tends to equalize with
Skeletal growth in early adulthood, which is why athletes often experience a peak in flexibility in their mid-20s, correlating with the average age of peak sports performance. Aging in later adulthood also decreases the extensible of soft tissue, resulting in less flexibility in both sexes. Participating in a regular stretching muscle and strength workouts however, can go a long way to curb that decrease and maintain functional fitness and flexibility throughout older adulthood.
On average, women have better flexibility than men, and they tend to retain this advantage throughout life. The anatomical differences and hormonal influences that give women greater flexibility primarily exist to facilitate the physiological changes women go through during motherhood. Larger joints in the lower back help expectant mothers maintain stability in pregnancy, and wider hips allow a newborns head greater ease through the birth canal.