Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which blood glucose able to enter the cells because the pancreas totally stops producing insulin, or it does not produce enough to meet the needs, or the cells develop insulin resistance. The role insulin is to “unlock” the cells and escort glucose into the cell.
Signs and symptoms of diabetes are almost half of the U.S. population has diabetes or is predisposed posed to diabetes (prediabetes). In 2016, more than 30 adults and children were affected by diabetes, with estimated 8 million undiagnosed cases and another 86 considered being prediabetes. The signs and symptoms of diabetes seems to be flattening out and has only increased slightly the last few years, most likely due to a similar down in the increase of obesity. Overall, however down in the increase of obesity. Overall, however, the Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes, Prevalence has more than doubled the past 20 years. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention predict that by 2050 one of every three Americans will have diabetes.
Major Causes of Death In Diabetes
The incidence of CVD and death in the diabetic population is quite high. Two of three people with signs and symptoms of diabetes will die from CVD. People with chronically elevated blood glucose levels may have problems metabolizing fats, which can make them more susceptible to atherosclerosis, CHD, heart attacks, high blood pressure, and stroke. People with diabetes also i have lower HDL cholesterol and higher triglyceride levels.
Furthermore, chronic high blood sugar can lead to stroke, nerve damage, vision loss, kidney damage, sexual dysfunction, and decreased immune function making people more susceptible to infections. Compared with those who do not have diabetes, patients are four times more likely to become blind and 20 times more likely to develop kidney failure. Nerve damage in the lower extremities decreases awareness of injury and infection, and a small, untreated sore can result in severe infection and gangrene, which can even lead to an amputation. An 8-hour fasting blood glucose level above 125 mg/dL on o separate tests confirms a diagnosis of diabetes. A level of 126 mg/dL or higher should be brought to the attention of a physician.
Types of Diabetes
Signs and symptoms of diabetes is one of two types: type I diabetes, or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, and type 2 diabetes, or noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Type 1 also has been called juvenile diabetes” because it is found mainly in young people.
with type 1 diabetes, the pancreas creates little or no insulin. With type 2 signs and symptoms of diabetes, either the pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin or it produces adequate amounts but the cells become insulin resistant, thereby keeping glucose from entering the cell. Type 2 diabetes books for 90 to 95 percent of all cases diabetes.
Presently, more than one in ten American adults has diabetes. Although diabetes has a genetic predisposition, 60 to percent of type 2 signs and symptoms of diabetes is related closely to overeating, obesity, and Jack of physical activity. Type 2 diabetes, once limited primarily to overweight adults, now accounts for almost half of the new cases diagnosed in children. According the CDC, one in three children born in the United States today will develop diabetes.